Causes of Vaginal Discharge

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Your vagina is the part where the man enters his penis, and it is the entrance to the reproductive system. Through it, microbes can enter your body too. Therefore you need to maintain vaginal hygiene.

A common symptom of a reproductive infection is a vaginal discharge. If you have the same complaint, you must consult with a healthcare provider.

A clear, white, or off-white fluid that comes from the vagina is vaginal discharge. It can be produced by the uterus, cervix, and vagina to help clean and lubricate the vagina. Vaginal discharge helps fight off bacteria and infections in the vagina.

Vaginal discharge is a natural and normal process, but it sometimes can be a sign of infection or disease. Therefore you can not take it lightly. If you have a complaint of heavy vaginal discharge, you must visit the doctor soon. To get an expert opinion, you can consult the best gynecologist in Islamabad.

Vaginal discharge can vary in amount from woman to woman. Changes in the color, texture, smell, or amount of the usual vaginal discharge may indicate an infection. Therefore you should keep an eye on the color, amount, and consistency of the vaginal discharge you have.

Normal vaginal discharge

Normal vaginal discharge is clear or white. It doesn’t smell bad, and its consistency may change throughout the menstrual cycle. Other characteristics of vaginal discharge include:

  • Texture: watery and sticky to gooey, thick, and pasty.
  • Color: clear, milky white, or off-white. Dark yellow, brown, green, or gray discharge can indicate an infection or other issue.
  • Smell: usually odorless, but even if the discharge has some odor, it shouldn’t be strong and unpleasant.
  • Amount: the normal amount of vaginal discharge varies from person to person. However, if it is too heavy, you must take notice of it.
When to contact a doctor

You may need to contact a doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • An increase in the amount of vaginal discharge
  • A change in the color of the discharge
  • A foul-smelling odor
  • A change in texture or consistency of the discharge
  • Irritation, itching, or pain in or around your vagina
Causes of Vaginal Discharge
Infections

Several infections cause vaginal discharge to change. Many of these infections are sexually transmitted.

  • Yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infections are caused by a fungus (candida). It produces a very thick, white, cottage cheese-like vaginal discharge. Antifungal medications treat yeast infections.

  • Trichomoniasis or “trich”

Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). A parasite causes trichomoniasis which makes your vaginal discharge green, yellow, or gray and bubbly or frothy. It can be treated with antibiotics.

  • Bacterial vaginosis or BV

Bacterial vaginosis is caused by bacteria growing in the vagina. It can be transmitted through sexual contact. People with this infection have white or gray discharge that’s foul-smelling and fishy. It can also be treated with antibiotics.

  • Gonorrhea (clap) and chlamydia

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are two very common STIs, and both infections are treated with antibiotics. These produce a cloudy, yellow, or green vaginal discharge.

What Are The Noninfectious Causes of Vaginal Discharge?

Vaginal discharge can be caused by changes in the normal flora of the vagina.

Other causes include:

  • A foreign object in or near the vagina is not supposed to be there. For example, a tampon is left inside the vagina.
  • Irritation or rash that causes an allergic reaction. It could be from detergents, soaps, or sexual lubricants.
  • A condition called atrophic vaginosis can happen after menopause when estrogen normally decreases.
  • During pregnancy, more vaginal discharge is produced to protect the vaginal canal from infection.
  • Vaginal discharge may become extra slippery and wet during ovulation. The purpose is to help sperm reach the egg for fertilization.
The Bottom Line

Vaginal discharge can be normal. But sometimes, it can be due to an infection. Therefore you should not take it lightly. Make sure to visit the doctor soon if you have the same complaint. If you have a complaint of heavy vaginal discharge, you can consult the best gynecologists in Lahore.

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